Author Archives: Richard Klein

About Richard Klein

President of Community & Environmental Defense Services (

Maximizing Stormwater Benefits Via Citizen-State-EPA Oversight

The stormwater runoff from suburban-urban lands degrades 13% of the 100,000 miles of waterways making up the Chesapeake Bay system.  This figure could be growing by another 400 miles annually due to new development.  However, all six Bay watershed states and the … Continue reading

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Gas Station Blight: Is A Needs Test A Solution For Your Area

This month marks the 100th anniversary since the first modern gas station opened in the USA.   Today there’s nearly 153,000 stations nationwide, but they’re closing at the alarming rate of 2500 per year! A substantial number of the closures are due … Continue reading

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Survey Shows Watershed Groups Halt Substantial Local & Bay Pollution

An amazing 82% of watershed groups have engaged in at least one activity to halt pollution affecting their waterway and the Bay.  More than half the time they succeeded in reducing pollution inputs. These are two of the principle findings from … Continue reading

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County Perspective – Environmental Site Design

In late 2010, Community & Environmental Defense Services (CEDS) conducted a survey of local stormwater review officials to learn how well Environmental Site Design (ESD) was working and how it could be improved.   We just repeated the survey with some … Continue reading

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15 Groups Call for Improving Baltimore County Environmental Site Design

Environmental Site Design (ESD) offers the possibility of gaining the benefits of growth with little or no aquatic resource impact.  However, since ESD was adopted in Maryland in 2007 there appears to have been minimal oversight to ensure full compliance.  Therefore, … Continue reading

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Exposed Soil = Pollution: Please Spread The Word

Exposed soil on a construction site usually means two things.  First, a nearby waterway will be polluted come the next big storm.  Second, you’re likely witnessing a violation of erosion and sediment control laws.   Unfortunately, only a small fraction of … Continue reading

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Stormwater Inspection Staff To Quarduple

In 2001, the Anne Arundel County (MD) stormwater inspection staff was inexplicably reduced from seven to one.  As a result of a dramatic decline in inspections and maintenance, half of the County’s 11,000+ stormwater ponds and other Best Management Practices failed … Continue reading

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